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by dr alek nikolic

introduction

When we speak about skin texture, we are generally referring to how the skin feels when touched. When someone is suffering from textured skin concerns, the skin may feel bumpy or rough and have a sallow and ‘leathery’ look.

Rough, textured skin can be difficult to hide and be a serious confidence downer. Understanding the causes and how to treat textured skin can help you make a visible and tangible difference to your skin and confidence.

causes of textured skin

  • A build-up of dead skin cells which accumulate on the skin’s surface
  • Genetics – if one of your parents had an oily or pored skin you more likely to develop the same
  • Sun exposure can lead to skin irregularities and aggravate skin texture
  • Natural chronological ageing leads to a loss of collagen and optimal cell function - such as moisture retention – which can lead to textural irregularities
  • Environmental factors including pollution, invisible light from screens and smoking
  • Hormonal changes, especially oestrogen levels, can contribute, especially once you reach your 30’s and older
  • Impaired skin barrier
  • Dry skin types
  • Oily and acne skin types, due to pores and raised blemishes
  • Rosacea

how to manage and treat textured skin

There are several ways to help reduce the appearance of rough, textured skin and it starts with a good skincare regime. You can also add professional medical treatments such as chemical peels, lasers and needling devices such as Dermapen.

One of the potential causes of textured and rough skin is an impaired skin barrier and if this is the case, it should be tackled first.

The skin barrier is the outermost layer of your skin's surface, and it consists of cells and lipids (fats). The best way to understand the skin barrier is to use the analogy of a brick wall, developed by Dr Peter M. Elias who described the cells (corneocytes) as the bricks and the lipid bilayer as the mortar. Corneocytes are dried out, non-living skin cells that are ready to shed. However, the mortar - the stacked lipid bilayers that surround the corneocytes - should ideally act as a highly impermeable barrier, to prevent the loss of water from the skin and to prevent the entrance of harmful microorganisms or irritants.

The skin barrier plays a vital role in maintaining the outer skin mantle, sebum production, keeping water within the corneocytes and the overall health, look and feel of the skin. This retention of water allows them to swell up, which in turn prevents the formation of gaps between these cells. Any changes in the skin barrier function or gaps between the corneocytes are the primary reason for all dry skin conditions, and changes in the skin surface, resulting in rough or textured skin.

your topical skincare regime

Your skincare regime should address the cause of your textured skin. If you have a dry skin type that feels rough then increase moisturisation and especially include products that contain hyaluronic acid and ceramides. Similarly, if you have an oily and pored skin, then your skincare regime must cater for this.

sunscreen

Sunscreen is a vital addition to any skincare regime, whether or not you have textured skin. My recommendation is to use an SPF 30 or higher, that contains zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide. These mineral blockers reflect harmful UV light and offer us the best protection from UV damage. It is important to reapply the sunscreen every 60 to 80 minutes especially with ongoing sun exposure.

serums

When it comes to repairing the skin barrier and treating textured skin, nothing beats the potential of hyaluronic acid, ceramides, vitamin C and vitamin A or retinol. These ingredients can be found in our sk.in serum range and our newly added sk.in avenge super-serums.

benefits of hyaluronic acid

  1. It provides moisturisation to all the layers of the skin. Penetration of hyaluronic acid is dependent on its molecular size.
  2. Hyaluronic acid is one of the major components in which skin cells and its fibrous constituents such as collagen and elastin are embedded.
  3. It plays a pivotal role in tissue regeneration and repair, as studies have shown that the integrity and balance of different skin components become normalised with hyaluronic acid.
  4. It contributes to the regulation of wound healing.
  5. It prevents and treats ageing skin changes including fine lines and wrinkles.
  6. Hyaluronic acid acts to a certain degree as a free radical scavenger, reducing the effects of environmental damage and ageing of the skin.
  7. It has anti-inflammatory effects, but this is dependent on the molecular size of the hyaluronic acid.
  8. It repairs and maintains the skin barrier.
  1. It reduces transepidermal water loss.

All sk.in products contain hyaluronic acid and we have formulated our products using either a hyaluronic acid complex or sodium hyaluronate cross polymer (Hylasome® EG10).

benefits of vitamin C

  1. Stimulates collagen production which improves elasticity and plumps skin, with long term use
  2. Improves the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles
  3. Helps to smooth textured or rough skin
  4. Reduces the appearance of hyperpigmentation and brown marks or blemishes on the skin
  5. Reduces the inflammatory response of free radical damage from environmental damage and is a highly effective antioxidant
  6. Boosts our skin’s sun protection factor and increases the effectiveness of our sunscreens
  7. Repairs and maintains the skin barrier

You’ll find our lipid-soluble vitamin C in sk.in gloss and sk.in bounce.

benefits of vitamin A

  1. Improves the skin’s texture with visible and tactile softening of the skin
  2. Provides a youthful glow
  3. Increased collagen and elastin production
  4. A reduction of fine lines and wrinkles
  5. Acts as an antioxidant
  6. Increases hydration and a plumping effect of the skin

You’ll find our vitamin A in sk.in flash and sk.in bounce.

chemical exfoliation

Chemical exfoliation plays a vital role in removing dead outer skin cells and stimulating skin cells. With textured skin, my recommendation is to consider adding glycolic acid to your skincare regime. Glycolic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) originally derived from sugar cane and has become one of the most popular AHAs used in skincare products. It absorbs easily into the skin due to its small molecular size and its action is a gentle exfoliation of the skin, thereby enhancing cell turnover. This results in smoothing uneven skin tone, improving fine lines and wrinkles, and refining the appearance of pores.

Glycolic acid can be found in our sk.in avenge | glyco-10 and by combining gently exfoliating glycolic acid with hydrating and skin barrier repairing ingredients, sk.in avenge | glyco-10 works to stimulate collagen + GAG (glycosaminoglycans) production, reduces inflammation and transepidermal water loss, softens fine lines, wrinkles and rough skin texture, and increases tone and glow.

We have combined sk.in marvel and sk.in avenge | glyco-10 in a budget-saving value pack which combines hyaluronic acid, ceramides, vitamin C and glycolic acid: sk.in | texture pack.

medical treatments for textured skin

chemical peels

Chemical peels are solutions that contain different types of ingredients, depending on the type of the chemical peel and the formulator at various concentrations and acidic levels known as their pH. The solution aims to resurface or remove certain layers of the skin which ultimately initiates a healing response. It is this healing response that leads to an improved appearance of the skin.The main reason for their popularity is that the ingredients used, such as glycolic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, etc. have been extensively studied and their depth of penetration, degree of skin removal, and the targeted results areis well established, leading to a safe and predictable treatment for the skin. For further info on the professional range of sk.in chemical peels please see sk.in ProPeel.

dermapen

Dermapen is a progression from the popular needling roller device treatment. Very simply, small thin needles are allowed to penetrate at specific depths into the skin which in turn provides an inflammatory effect in the skin. This inflammatory effect stimulates and forces the cells to make new collagen and elastin.

My recommendation is to consider adding topical retinol such as sk.in avenge | HPR 3% that has been specifically designed for use during needling device treatments. This maximises the results that can be achieved from the treatment by increasing the stimulating effect on collagen and elastin production, smoothing rough skin texture, lightening hyperpigmentation, and improving fine lines and wrinkles.

If you have any further queries around managing textured skin, our skincare therapist is available live online here anytime during office hours or you can email skin@skingredients.com.

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